Ekaterininskaya Street is one of the oldest and most beautiful streets in the city of Odessa. It originates from the square of the same name and runs to Novoshchepnaya Ryad Street, which is next to the legendary Privoz market.
The history of the origin of the street name
It appeared among the first on the map of a young developing city and was originally called Genoese Street. But already in 1820 it was renamed Ekaterininskaya.
There are two versions of the origin of this name, the first says that the street was named after Empress Catherine II, who signed the decree on the creation of the city, and the second – the street is named after the Church of St. Catherine, which was founded on Catherine Square, but was never built. With the advent of Soviet power, it was renamed Karl Marx Street. During the Nazi occupation, the street was named after Adolf Hitler, after the war, the name of Karl Marx was returned to it. And only on September 20, 1991, she again began to be called Catherine.
The pre-revolutionary history of the street
Let’s walk from Ekaterininskaya Square and find out what was on it in pre-revolutionary times. The street itself was the main transport artery of the city, which led to the port. More than seven thousand carriages and carriages could rush along it a day, until the 1870s the street was not paved with granite, so it was very dusty and dirty, which made it difficult to move in bad weather.
On that part of Ekaterininskaya Street, which is located closer to the square, there were expensive restaurants such as Fanconi, where deals were made by merchants, Robina’s cafe, Bruns pub. And establishments of a simpler class, such as restaurants, eateries.
At the corner of Ekaterininskaya and Deribasovskaya there was a flower market, which was mentioned in their works by V.P. Kataev “Winter Wind” and VA Galitsky “Theater of My Youth”, where you could not only buy all kinds of flowers, but also change money.
Yekaterininskaya Street was home to a huge number of shops selling goods from Europe, and it was possible to buy everything from underwear, wedding dresses, cars, and even fishing gear, not to mention exotic fruits and groceries. Let’s not forget to clarify that on this street kuafers (hairdressers), doctors, masseurs, milliners and, of course, jewelers offered their services.
Let’s touch upon the cultural life of the city. On Ekaterinenskaya, 14 in the Wagner house from 1817 to 1857 the famous Richelieu Lyceum was located – the first higher educational institution in Odessa, where Dmitry Mendeleev taught. A.S. also visited the lyceum. Pushkin, and the Polish poet Adam Mitskevich lived in the courtyard.
We cannot about the publish houses “Odessa News”, “German Review”, “Sport and Science”, as well as about bookstores where one could find literature in many European languages. The panorama “Golgotha” was also very popular among the inhabitants of Odessa, which could be seen in the house number 27. The length of the canvas was 93 meters, and the height was almost 13 meters.
Spiritual life was represented by temples of different denominations. At the intersection of Ekaterininskaya and Bazarnaya streets in 1840, the first Armenian-Gregorian church was erected, which was destroyed during the Great Patriotic War.
Also on the street Ekaterininskaya, 89 there was a synagogue, built in 1887.
The Catholic Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, built in 1853, is where Count Langeron was buried. The cathedral has survived to this day.
In 1808, the Greek Trinity Church was built, now it bears the name of the Holy Trinity Cathedral. Ecumenical Patriarch Gregory V was buried in it (in 1871 the remains were transported to Athens).
On the other hand, in 1848, at 52, Ekaterininskaya Street, a two-storey house was built according to the design of I.B. Skudieri, which belonged to D. Rivopulo. At different times there were bank offices in the house, doctors, merchants, and manufacturers lived. There was also a tissue paper factory L. Feinbrunn, a rice and pasta factory of the trading house “A.M. Zilbershmidt and H.I. Goldberg “. At the beginning of the 20th century, before the revolution, salt, paints and varnishes, men’s hats and hats were sold in this building. After the revolution, the residents of the city council, and after the war, was the base of Odeskurorttorg. At the moment, the hotel “Hotel 52” is open in the house, which has been receiving guests of the city for several years.
In those days, they said, if you want to visit Europe, go to Catherine’s. There were hotels “England”, “America”, “Venice”, “Brussels”, “Strasbourg” and others.
After the coming of Soviet power, all establishments, factories, restaurants and cafes, cathedrals and churches on the street are closed, turn into co-institutions, the shine and sophistication of the street disappear. During the Romanian occupation, the street was named Adolf Hitler and a Catholic cathedral was opened. In the post-war period, the street gradually flourishes, cafes, a cinema, hairdressers, ateliers, and various shops are opening.
Now the street remains one of the most beautiful in the city. Take a leisurely walk and take advantage of the entire architectural ensemble.